February 18, 2021

Comparison between Starlink and 5G

Posted By Alwin | 68 Views

At the point when the entire world is advancing toward the new portable innovation of 5G, Elon musk presented another innovation which gives an extreme rivalry to the 5G called Starlink. Let us see some brief description about both the 5G technology and Starlink.

Different generations of mobile network:

Prior to moving into the 5G innovation, let us have a brisk look about different generations of 5G technology.

1G (First Generation)

  • Innovation in 1982.
  • Analog wireless network.
  • Can make calls, send and receive messages.

2G ( Second Generation)

  • Introduced as a high level element of 1G, in 1992.
  • Digital Signal.
  • Can make calls, SMS,MMS, and e-mails.

3G (Third Generation)

  • It is still in use and it was put into service in 2001.
  • Faster than 2G.
  • Supports video calls, data transmission, online TV.

4G (Fourth Generation)

  • The cell phones that were presented in 2013 have begun utilizing 4g innovation.
  • 4G is what we are using now, and it is the next step of 3G.
  • 5 times faster than 3G.
  • Most advanced features than 3G.

5G technology:

Now it's time for the most trendsetting innovation 5G. It was first tested in the year 2016 and it is 20 times faster than 4G Long Term Evolution (LTE). The 5G network has improved speed, capacity and built on super high frequency airwaves (or High band spectrum). This high frequency helps to transmit data more faster when compared to other networks.

5G network empowers machine to machine communication which is called the internet of things. Countries like South Korea, China, US began to utilize 5G technology and it is expected that around 1billion people will start using 5g in 2025. This innovation will give an extraordinary advancement in every single field like autonomous cars, robotic surgery technology, IT companies, security systems etc.,.

Indeed, even numerous organizations in our nation began developing advancements that are viable with 5g.

Advantages and Use Cases of 5G technology:

  • Fleeting internet access and speed transmission of data.
  • Greater capacity.
  • Lower latency.
  • Used in many companies for IoT projects.
  • Used in security systems
  • Can be used in hospitals.
  • Military purpose

StarLink:

When the whole world is moving toward the advance technology of 5G, Elon musk introduced a Constellation of satellites which provide internet access with the help of satellites operated by SpaceX. Constellation is a concept of The main aim of launching these satellites is to provide the most worthwhile and fastest internet access to every nook and corner of the world.

Satellite launches:

Already two satellites were launched by SpaceX in the year of 2018 named Tintin A and B which is named after the comic book “Tintin Adventure”. As of now Spacex launched 1085 satellites in orbit. The number of satellites that are deorbited are 64 satellites. And the total count of satellites that are placed successfully in orbit are 1021, until february 4,2021. The next 60 starlink satellites are planned to launch on 12 february, 2021. These satellites provide high speed broadband internet access.

Comparison of Starlink and 5G:

5G technology

Starlink

5G is the fifth generation cellular network that provides peak data speed.

Elon musk introduced Starlink to provide faster internet access by launching thousands of satellites.

It works based on the OFDM (Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) and uses wider bandwidth technology like mmWaves.

Starlink is the constellation of satellites for faster internet access using satellites operated by SpaceX.

Some developed countries like China, US, South korea started using 5G technology.

The internet service provided by the starlink is used by 10,000 users, the company said.

It is 20 times faster than 4G LTE.

It is 10 times faster than 4G LTE, but much slower compared to 5G.

Download speed : 2.5 GB/s (or) 2560 MB/s

Upload speed : 1.25 GB/s (or) 1,280 MB/s

Average Download speed : 80.67 Mb/s

Average Upload speed :17.17 Mbps.

It uses multiple numbers of smaller towers to provide faster internet access to Urban areas.

It uses large number of smaller satellites to provide faster internet access to remote areas

The main concept of massive MIMO (multiple input multiple output) is used. In which multiple antennas are used at the transmitter and receiver, that helps to increase capacity and throughput.

Starlink won’t not work with cell phones. It is developed in a way that can be accessed in home or business, that is, a fixed internet connection.

5g network per line costs ranging from $65 to $85 a month.

The starlink kit costs $499 and the service costs $99 a month.

Lower latency with 1 millisecond(1ms)

Latency below 20 milliseconds.

Greater number of connected devices

Starlink has over 10,000 users.

Will Starlink over rule 5G?

5G can be accessed in the urban areas by placing more number of towers. It has greater advantages compared to Starlink which includes lower latency, faster internet access, used for many company projects etc.,.But , the main disadvantage of 5g is that its frequency waves can travel shorter distances so it needs a large number of towers to be placed in a shorter distance. For rural people, this will not be as beneficial as urban users. But when it comes to starlink, it can provide internet access to each and every person on the earth. The satellites are placed much nearer to the earth so it can be accessed from anywhere. There may be chances that starlink can become a 5G network, but 5G cannot be a starlink.

Ending words:

Both the starlink and the 5G are different vying technologies. Users will get associated with neighbouring 5G towers, towers get connection through satellite. So both the 5G and Starlink are supportive networks. Starlink provides internet access to the remote areas. 5G provides faster internet access to the urban areas. New innovative technologies are always miraculous, every technology is best in their own way with their own pros and cons. Every new innovative technology provides a beyond belief world with technical development. So each and every technology is a development for mankind.

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